The TIMN Model describes how people have organized through history — first we lived as Tribes, then Institutions (church & state) dominated, and now Markets reign supreme. Each new form did not obsolesce the previous ones, but did change them. For example, tribes and clans have less influence over global markets than stock exchanges do. But families are still powerful bonding units between people. T+I+M is what David Ronfeldt calls a triform society, which we are currently in. T+I+M+N is when the Network form becomes our main way of organizing society. This will be a quadriform society. We are not there yet but can already see examples of what could be our future with — networked warfare, networked cryptocurrencies, and networked social movements.
I have also mapped how our dominant communication methods could be the drivers for these shifts in organization. We moved along a similar path as we shifted from oral, to written, and then print communications. Electric, or digital communications began with the telegraph and have dominated first through broadcast electric media and now internet technologies.
The shift from triform to quadriform is well under way and one manifestation is post-modernity.
One project of modernity as Habermas put it has been the fostering of progress by incorporating principles of rationality and hierarchy into public and artistic life. Another philosopher Lyotard understood modernity as “a cultural condition characterized by constant change in the pursuit of progress”. Postmodernity then represents the culmination of this process where constant change has become the status quo and the notion of progress obsolete.’
… Artifacts of postmodernity include the dominance of television and popular culture, the wide accessibility of information and mass telecommunications. Postmodernity also exhibits a greater resistance to making sacrifices in the name of progress discernible in environmentalism and the growing importance of the anti-war movement. Postmodernity in the industrialized core is marked by increasing focus on civil rights and equal opportunity as well as movements such as feminism and multiculturalism and the backlash against these movements. The postmodern political sphere is marked by multiple arenas and possibilities of citizenship and political action concerning various forms of struggle against oppression or alienation (in collectives defined by sex or ethnicity) while the modernist political arena remains restricted to class struggle. —The Paradox of Modernity & Post-modernity
Is post-modernity the symptom of a society going through the shift from the Market Era to the Network Era — a ‘phase transition’? The Nordic Bildung project sees the next logical step of moving from post-modernity to meta-modernity.
- The codes of modernity allow us to have science, technology, medicine, rule of law, individual rights, democracy, and personal freedom. All of this is good.
- The codes of post-modernity allow us to analyze and deconstruct all of the narratives, power structures and social constructs above and to keep an ironic distance, and this is fantastic, it just happens to be impossible to build a society on deconstruction and irony, and therefore post-modernity is only a phase-transition. Albeit a crucial one.
- The codes of meta-modernity enjoy all of the above in their due time and place
The authors of The Nordic Secret describe the post-modern era as — ad hoc, chaotic, filled with feeling and irony, with too much information and no boundaries. They see a move to meta-modernity — based on principles learned by Nordic countries as they transformed from agrarian societies to industrialized democracies — as a way to address the complexities ahead. Mapping this to the TIMN model we can say that:
- Indigenous = Tribes
- Traditional = Institutions
- Modern = Markets
- Meta-modern = Networks
The post-modern perspective appears to be merely a way-station occupied by confused people, some looking back wistfully on modernity and others embracing the confusion of post-modernity. Perhaps (hopefully) a few are building ways to get to a more stable cultural form of meta-modernity.
Continued: understanding the shift